June 2019

Volume 36, Issue 2

The Effectiveness of Reform in the Dental Health Systems of Transitional Countries: The Case of Montenegro Health Reform (pilot study)

Authors: Almina Muric
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4435Muric05


Objective: The main objective of this research is to evaluate the influence of reform in the dental health care system in Montenegro on the oral hygiene awareness and health practices among children aged 11 to 14. Materials and Method: The research was performed among public schoolchildren in Montenegro. Data was obtained by evaluating a structured questionnaire fulfi lled by 300 children, aged between 11 and 14 years, at the beginning of reform in the dental health care system in 2009 (n = 150) and in 2018 (n = 150). Participants were selected from three different geographical regions (North, Central and Southern). Result: Most participants reported brushing their teeth twice daily (2009: 46% in Rozaje, 48% in Podgorica and 36% in Budva; 2018: 50% in Rozaje, 48% in Podgorica and 40% in Budva). There was no difference by region in either 2009 or 2018 in the rate of self-reported gum bleeding when brushing teeth (p values 0.387 and 0.825, respectively). Most respondents went to the dentist only when they needed treatment. Conclusion: There is no significant change in the awareness and practices of oral hygiene maintenance among children aged 11 to 14 years in Montenegro at the beginning of the reform of dental health care compared to nine years later. It is necessary to introduce more continuous education programs to promote oral health. Keywords: Montenegro, oral health, reform, heath system


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - How soon is soon enough? The challenge of implementing behaviours conducive to good oral health in at-risk infants and toddlers 89-90 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Patient and professional engagement in the procurement of dental services 91-94 Download
A qualitative study on the oral health of humanitarian migrants in Canada 95-100 Download
What influences use of dental services by the Korean disabled people? The role of perceived barriers in dental care system 101-105 Download
In-school toothbrushing programs in Aboriginal communities in New South Wales, Australia: A thematic analysis of teachers’ perspectives 106-110 Download
Relationship between Caregivers’ Oral Health Literacy and their Child’s Caries Experience 111-117 Download
What evidence do economic evaluations in dental care provide? A scoping review 118-125 Download
The Effectiveness of Reform in the Dental Health Systems of Transitional Countries: The Case of Montenegro Health Reform (pilot study) 126-130 Download
Costs of dental care and its financial impacts on patients in a population with low availability of services 131-136 Download
Identifying the barriers and facilitators for homeless people to achieve good oral health 137-142 Download
Comparison of two measures to determine the oral health-related quality of life in elders with periodontal disease 143-149 Download
Transnational corporations and oral health inequalities; an introduction 151-151 Download
Political economy, trade relations and health inequalities: lessons from general health 152-156 Download
Transnational corporations and oral health: examples from the sugar industry 157-162 Download
The Transnational Tobacco Industry and Oral Health 163-168 Download
Transnational corporations, oral health and human agency: a sociological perspective 169-174 Download


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