June 2019

Volume 36, Issue 2

Comparison of two measures to determine the oral health-related quality of life in elders with periodontal disease

Authors: Ozge Gokturk Fatma Ucan Yarkac
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4387Gokturk07


The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) are accepted as comprehensive and widely used tools for assessing oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL). However, OHQoL assessment of elders with periodontal disease has not yet been investigated. Objective: To assess the discriminative performance of GOHAI and OHIP-14 and to compare the psychometric properties of the scales in older people with periodontal disease. Method: Participants were 155 elderly patients with periodontal disease attending a university periodontal department. Periodontal measures included gingival index, plaque index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing. GOHAI and OHIP-14 scales were used to assess OHQoL. In addition, participants completed a checklist of symptoms related to periodontal disease. Results: Using the additive method for scoring, 22 participants (14.2%) had a GOHAI score of 0, indicating no impact from periodontal conditions, while 2 participants (1.3%) had an OHIP-14 score of 0. Over two-thirds of participants (70.96%) reported that their self-rated oral health was poor. Conclusions: Both OHIP-14 and GOHAI detected the impacts of oral disease in the elderly with periodontal diseases. Despite differences in content and emphasis, these two scales can be considered broadly equivalent. The main difference between them is the percentage of elderly participants scoring 0; the number of participants with a score of 0 for GOHAI is higher than OHIP-14. In this respect the improvements in OHQoL of the elderly items may be more diffi cult to detect with GOHAI. Keywords: Elderly, oral health-related quality of life, periodontal health


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - How soon is soon enough? The challenge of implementing behaviours conducive to good oral health in at-risk infants and toddlers 89-90 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Patient and professional engagement in the procurement of dental services 91-94 Download
A qualitative study on the oral health of humanitarian migrants in Canada 95-100 Download
What influences use of dental services by the Korean disabled people? The role of perceived barriers in dental care system 101-105 Download
In-school toothbrushing programs in Aboriginal communities in New South Wales, Australia: A thematic analysis of teachers’ perspectives 106-110 Download
Relationship between Caregivers’ Oral Health Literacy and their Child’s Caries Experience 111-117 Download
What evidence do economic evaluations in dental care provide? A scoping review 118-125 Download
The Effectiveness of Reform in the Dental Health Systems of Transitional Countries: The Case of Montenegro Health Reform (pilot study) 126-130 Download
Costs of dental care and its financial impacts on patients in a population with low availability of services 131-136 Download
Identifying the barriers and facilitators for homeless people to achieve good oral health 137-142 Download
Comparison of two measures to determine the oral health-related quality of life in elders with periodontal disease 143-149 Download
Transnational corporations and oral health inequalities; an introduction 151-151 Download
Political economy, trade relations and health inequalities: lessons from general health 152-156 Download
Transnational corporations and oral health: examples from the sugar industry 157-162 Download
The Transnational Tobacco Industry and Oral Health 163-168 Download
Transnational corporations, oral health and human agency: a sociological perspective 169-174 Download


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