September 2019

Volume 36, Issue 3

Dental caries status and related modifiable factors among Nepali students

Authors: Hyo-Jin Lee Dilip Prajapati Bo-Hyoung Jin
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4575Lee07


Objective: This study aimed to assess the dental caries status of Nepali students and describe correlated modifiable factors. Basic research design: Cross-sectional analytic study. Participants: 730 grade two to four (6-14 years old) students from 23 different government schools in seven different districts in Nepal from December 2014 to February 2015. The schools were located in areas of low socioeconomic status without access to fluoridated water. Method: A trained, calibrated dentist performed visual examination using WHO criteria. Data on demographic variables, oral health behaviors, the number of shops (including sugary snacks) around each school and the distance from Dhulikhel city (where many medical and dental facilities are available) to each school were collected. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with dental caries. Results: Of the participants, 53.7% and 14.4% had decayed, missing and filled teeth (dmft) in the primary and permanent dentition, respectively. The mean number of primary decayed teeth (dt) was found to be 1.69, and the permanent dt was 0.22; mean dmft was 1.74 in primary dentition and 0.22 in permanent dentition. The number of markets near a school and the distance to the Dhulikhel city were associated with permanent (odds ratio [OR]: 1.67) and primary dmft (OR: 0.62), respectively, after adjusting for the related covariates. Conclusions: Most dental caries remains untreated. Students with more shops near their school and who attended schools closer to the city were more likely to have dental caries. Keywords: dental caries, dental health survey, oral health, Nepal, schools


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Exploring the feasibility of using routinely collected data to produce antibiotic prescribing profiles for general dental practitioners in Wales 177-180 Download
A conceptual framework for an oral cancer awareness campaign in Northern Germany - Challenges in campaign development and assessment 181-186 Download
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Trend in unequal geographical distribution of dentists by age and gender in Japan from 1996–2014 195-197 Download
Inequalities in orthodontic outcomes in England: treatment utilisation, subjective and normative need 198-202 Download
Exponential tooth decay curve 203-206 Download
Dental caries status and related modifiable factors among Nepali students 207-213 Download
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Dentistry and Oral Health in Online Media Sources: A Discourse Analysis 221-228 Download
The prevalence of enamel and dentine caries lesions and their determinant factors among children living in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas 229-236 Download


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