December 2019

Volume 36, Issue 4

What is health economics?

Authors: Stefan Listl Jostein Ivar Grytten Stephen Birch
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4581Listl13


Objectives: This paper describes the principles of economics and their application to the promotion, protection and restoration of oral health in populations and the planning, management and delivery of oral health care. After illustrating the economic determinants of oral health, the demand for oral health care is discussed with particular reference to asymmetric information between patient and provider. The reasons for the market failure in (oral) health care and their implications for efficiency and equity are explained. We go on to describe how economic evaluation contributes to policies aimed at maximising oral health gains where resources are constrained. The behavioural aspects of patients´ demand for and dental professionals´ provision of oral health services are discussed. Finally, we outline methods for planning the dental workforce in ways that reflect system goals. Keywords (MESH compliant):: Oral Health, Economics, Resources, Health Resources, Human Resources, Efficiency, Insurance, Affordability, Pricing, Reimbursement, Fee-for-Service, Costs and Cost Analysis, Cost allocation, Direct service costs, Employer health costs, Health expenditures, Cost-benefit analysis, Cost sharing, Income, Salaries, Workforce.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Geographic distribution of dental specialists permitted to advertise dental practices in Japan 241-244 Download
Management of Medication-related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) risk in patients due to commence anti-resorptive/anti-angiogenic drugs – how should pre-drug-treatment dental preventive care be organised? 245-255 Download
Differences between caregiver-perceived and dentist-assessed oral health status of patients among intellectual disabilities 256-262 Download
What is health economics? 263-275 Download
Oral function and vertical jump height among healthy older people in Japan 276-280 Download
Social gradients in dental attendance among older adults: Findings from the National Survey on Demographics and Health in Peru 281-286 Download
Child involvement in oral health education interventions - a systematic review of randomised controlled studies 287-293 Download
Association between psychological distress and chronic periodontitis in Sri Lankan adults 294-298 Download
Malocclusion, facial and psychological predictors of quality of life in adolescents 298-302 Download


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