December 2019

Volume 36, Issue 4

Malocclusion, facial and psychological predictors of quality of life in adolescents

Authors: Heloísa Dallé Silvia A S Vedovello Viviane V Degan Ana Paula T De Godoi Wiliam Custódio Carolina C de Menezes
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4633Dalle05

Abstract

Objective: To identify clinical and psychological predictors of OHRQoL. Methods: Cross-sectional clinical and questionnaire study with 332 adolescents aged 11-14 years. The facial profile was classified through photographs and dental malocclusion was classified by the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. The psychosocial variables were assessed by the Aesthetic Component of IOTN, the Orthodontic Aesthetic Subjective Impact Score and the Global Negative Self-Evaluation. OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The associations were analyzed by multiple logistic regression models. Results: Higher aesthetic concern and low self-esteem were 3.43 and 3.34 times more likely to affect OHRQoL (p<0.05), respectively. The facial and dental aspects of malocclusion were unrelated to OHRQoL. Conclusions: Facial and dental aspects of malocclusion were unrelated to OHRQoL, whereas psychosocial variables such as self-perception of orthodontic treatment need and self-esteem predicted adolescents’ oral health related quality of life. Keywords: Quality of life, malocclusion, self-perception, facial profile

Download

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Geographic distribution of dental specialists permitted to advertise dental practices in Japan 241-244 Download
Management of Medication-related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) risk in patients due to commence anti-resorptive/anti-angiogenic drugs – how should pre-drug-treatment dental preventive care be organised? 245-255 Download
Differences between caregiver-perceived and dentist-assessed oral health status of patients among intellectual disabilities 256-262 Download
What is health economics? 263-275 Download
Oral function and vertical jump height among healthy older people in Japan 276-280 Download
Social gradients in dental attendance among older adults: Findings from the National Survey on Demographics and Health in Peru 281-286 Download
Child involvement in oral health education interventions - a systematic review of randomised controlled studies 287-293 Download
Association between psychological distress and chronic periodontitis in Sri Lankan adults 294-298 Download
Malocclusion, facial and psychological predictors of quality of life in adolescents 298-302 Download

Subscribe

Online (Single user only)
£130
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.