March 2021

Volume 38, Issue 1

Subjective and objective social status: associations with psychosocial predictors and oral health

Authors: David S. Brennan Kamal Hanna Liana Luzzi
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00100-2020Brennan05


Objective: While social status and health have been investigated, there is less focus on the effects of objective and subjective social status and psychosocial factors. This study aimed to investigate oral health impacts by subjective social status (SSS) and psychosocial predictors stratified by subjective social status. Methods: A random cross-sectional sample of 45-54-year old South Australians was surveyed in 2004-05. Oral health impact was assessed using OHIP-14. Socio-economic status was determined using objective (income) and subjective (McArthur scale) measures. Psychosocial variables comprised social support, health self-efficacy, coping and affectivity. Results: Responses were collected from 986 persons (response rate=44.4%). Lower SSS was more frequently observed in the low (70.2%) than high-income group (28.5%). Lower SSS was associated (p<0.05) with lower education, social support, health competence, and coping, but higher negative affect within income groups. The interaction of SSS and income showed OHIP was consistently lower at high SSS regardless of higher or lower income, but at low SSS, OHIP was higher (p<0.05) in the lower than higher income group. Conclusions: SSS was associated with income. Their interaction indicated low SSS in combination with low income was associated with higher oral health impacts. Keywords: Quality of life, oral health, socioeconomic status, psychosocial, subjective social status


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Acknowledgement of Reviewers 2-2 Download
Editorial: Migrant and refugee Oral Health 3-4 Download
Dental public health in action: foundation dentists’ delivery of an oral health promotion outreach project for people experiencing homelessness in London 5-9 Download
Characteristics of teenagers who use dental floss 10-14 Download
Evaluating the environmental impact of the Welsh national childhood oral health improvement programme, Designed to Smile 15-20 Download
Concurrent heavy use of general and oral health services among Finnish adults 21-25 Download
Cost Benefit Analysis of Two Oral health Improvement Programmes 26-32 Download
Is the Performance of a Periodontal Prediction Model for Identification of Diabetes affected by Participants’ Characteristics? 33-38 Download
Impact of the national program More Smiles for Chile on women’s quality of life 39-43 Download
Neoliberalism and Indigenous oral health inequalities: a global perspective 44-47 Download
Oral Health of African Immigrants: A participatory approach to needs assessment 48-52 Download
Oral health status and risk determinants in adult Syrian refugees in Jordan 53-58 Download
Subjective and objective social status: associations with psychosocial predictors and oral health 59-63 Download
John Roberts Obituary 64-64 Download


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