March 2021

Volume 38, Issue 1

Oral Health of African Immigrants: A participatory approach to needs assessment

Authors: Tamanna Tiwari Nayanjot Rai
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00087Tiwari05

Abstract

Objective: Dental care service use is lower in the immigrant population in the US, with the African immigrant population increasing at a much higher rate. We aimed to evaluate the barriers faced by the African immigrant community through a participatory needs assessment approach. Methods: Photovoice, a qualitative research method was used to collect the data. Thirty participants were recruited from community events, churches, and African community-serving organizations. Participants took photographs related to oral health research questions. Focus groups were conducted with the participants to discuss the clicked pictures. The focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using an inductive and thematic approach using Atlas Ti®. Results: The response rate was 90% and six focus groups were conducted. Focus group data demonstrated participants’ knowledge of good oral health and preventive oral behaviors; physical, financial and psychosocial barriers to accessing dental care; and cultural and social beliefs of the community. The participants had good knowledge about oral hygiene habits and dietary factors impacting the oral health of their community. Several barriers including, lack of perceived oral health needs, transportation, time, insurance, fear, and trust were identified that prevent them to access dental care. Conclusion: Further research is warranted to understand the cultural norms and perceived needs of the African immigrant community. Increasing our understanding of such knowledge can support in improving the cultural competency of the oral health workforce. Keywords: oral health, oral health behaviors, African immigrants, dental care barriers, oral health knowledge, perceived community needs

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Acknowledgement of Reviewers 2-2 £10 single article
Editorial: Migrant and refugee Oral Health 3-4 £10 single article
Dental public health in action: foundation dentists’ delivery of an oral health promotion outreach project for people experiencing homelessness in London 5-9 £10 single article
Characteristics of teenagers who use dental floss 10-14 £10 single article
Evaluating the environmental impact of the Welsh national childhood oral health improvement programme, Designed to Smile 15-20 £10 single article
Concurrent heavy use of general and oral health services among Finnish adults 21-25 £10 single article
Cost Benefit Analysis of Two Oral health Improvement Programmes 26-32 £10 single article
Is the Performance of a Periodontal Prediction Model for Identification of Diabetes affected by Participants’ Characteristics? 33-38 £10 single article
Impact of the national program More Smiles for Chile on women’s quality of life 39-43 £10 single article
Neoliberalism and Indigenous oral health inequalities: a global perspective 44-47 £10 single article
Oral Health of African Immigrants: A participatory approach to needs assessment 48-52 £10 single article
Oral health status and risk determinants in adult Syrian refugees in Jordan 53-58 £10 single article
Subjective and objective social status: associations with psychosocial predictors and oral health 59-63 £10 single article
John Roberts Obituary 64-64 £10 single article

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