March 2023

Volume 40, Issue 1

Ethnicity, Social Support and Oral Health Among English Individuals

Authors: Mahshid Amininia Eduardo Bernabe Elsa K. Delgado-Angulo
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00277Amininia07


=Objective: To determine whether social support explains ethnic inequalities in oral health among English individuals. Methods: Data from 42704 individuals across seven ethnic groups in the Health Survey for England (1999-2002 and 2005) were analysed. Oral health was indicated by self-reports of edentulousness and toothache. Social support was indicated by marital status and a 7-item scale on perceived social support. Confounder-adjusted regression models were fitted to evaluate ethnic inequalities in measures of social support and oral health (before and after adjustment for social support). Results: Overall, 10.4% of individuals were edentulous and 21.7% of dentate individuals had toothache in the past 6 months. Indian (Odd Ratio: 0.50, 95% Confidence Interval: 0.32-0.78), Pakistani (0.50, 95%CI: 0.30-0.84), Bangladeshi (0.29, 95%CI: 0.17-0.47) and Chinese (0.42, 95%CI: 0.25-0.71) individuals were less likely to be edentulous than white British individuals. Among dentate participants, Irish (1.21, 95%CI: 1.06-1.38) and black Caribbean individuals (1.37, 95%CI: 1.181.58) were more likely whereas Chinese individuals (0.78, 95%CI: 0.63-0.97) were less likely to experience toothache than white British individuals. These inequalities were marginally attenuated after adjustment for marital status and perceived social support. Lack of social support was associated with being edentulousness and having toothache whereas marital status was associated with edentulousness only. Conclusion: The findings did not support the mediating role of social support in the association between ethnicity and oral health. However, perceived lack of social support was inversely associated with worse oral health independent of participants’ sociodemographic factors. Keywords: Social support, oral health, health inequities, toothache, ethnicity, tooth loss =

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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CDH Board 2023 1-1 Download
Acknowledgement of Reviewers 2-2 Download
Dental Public Health in Action: Delivering a domestic violence and abuse screening and identification training programme in North Staffordshire-based dental practices 3-8 Download
Parents’ Perception of Fissure Sealant Therapy in 6-12 Year Old Children: Evaluating a theory-driven intervention 9-15 £10 single article
Reciprocity in the intercultural conference space to improve Aboriginal oral health: A qualitative study 16-22 £10 single article
Impact of Establishing Dental Access for Preventable Infectious Dental Diseases (PIDD) in Medical Settings: Case Study from Rural Wisconsin 23-29 £10 single article
Contextual and individual determinants of tooth loss in the Afro-descendant older adult populations of different countries: a scoping review 30-36 £10 single article
Illness perception amongst individuals with periodontal diseases 37-41 £10 single article
Hospitalisations due to pulp and periapical conditions in Australian children from 1998-99 to 2017-18 42-46 £10 single article
Is There An Association Between Periodontitis And Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 47-52 Download
Effectiveness of strategies to increase participation in school-based epidemiological surveys: a rapid review 53-59 £10 single article
Ethnicity, Social Support and Oral Health Among English Individuals 60-66 £10 single article


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