March 2009

Volume 26, Issue 1

Childhood growth and dental caries

Authors: T. Malek Mohammadi C. M. Wright E. J. Kay
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2225Mohammadi05


Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine whether the removal of carious teeth affected children’s growth relative to that of a standard population. Design: Longitudinal prospective observational study. Setting: Manchester Dental Hospital (MDH), UK. Participants: Five and six year- old children who attended for extraction of carious teeth under general anaesthesia. Main outcome measure: Change in height, weight and BMI standard deviation scores during the six months after extraction of carious teeth. Methods and materials: The children’s dental caries levels, weight and height were measured prior to extraction using standard criteria and a single trained examiner and they were then re-measured six months later. The body mass index of the children was calculated and all measurements were converted to standard deviation scores (SDS) using the UK 1990 growth reference. Changes in growth SDS during the six months subsequent to the extractions were then calculated. Results: Two hundred and eighteen children, mean (range) age 5.9 (5-6) were examined initially, of whom 131 were successfully followed up a mean 7.1 (0.13) months later. The participants had a mean dmft of 7.18 (SD 3.27) at baseline and were not shorter than expected (8.3% <10th percentile), or more underweight (6.9% <10th percentile for weight). At follow up children showed a statistically significant gain in BMI SDS (mean (SD) 0.26 (37) p<0.001) and a small gain in height SDS (0.05 (0.38) p=0.05). Conclusion: This study suggests that the extraction of carious teeth in five and six year old children promotes weight gain and possibly growth. Key Words: childhood, dental caries, growth.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health. A Report of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) 2008. 2-3 Download
Thanks to Referees 4-4 Download
Predictive tool for estimating the potential effect of water fluoridation on dental caries 5-11 Download
Dental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore 12-17 Download
Oral health in German children, adolescents, adults and senior citizens in 2005 18-22 Download
Caries prevalence and fluoride use in low SES children in Clermont-Ferrand (France) 23-28 Download
Previous radiographic experience of children referred for dental extractions under general anaesthesia in the UK. 29-31 Download
The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland). 32-37 Download
Childhood growth and dental caries 38-42 Download
Measurement of attitudes of UK dental practitioners to core job constructs. 43-51 Download
Dental general anaesthesia - will the service disappear? A pilot study 52-57 Download
Orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality among children 58-61 Download
Short Communication - Changing dental caries levels in the 1980’s, 1990’s and 2005 among children of a Jerusalem region. 62-64 Download


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