March 2009

Volume 26, Issue 1

Oral health in German children, adolescents, adults and senior citizens in 2005

Authors: W. Micheelis T. Kerschbaum T. Hoffmann U. Schiffner
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2392Schiffner05

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this field study (the “Fourth German Oral Health Study”) was to obtain representative data on caries (DMFT index), periodontitis (CPI) and prosthetic status in the German population and to evaluate changes in the oral health of the German people as compared with the findings of the Third German Oral Health Study conducted eight years previously. Basic research design: The study took the form of a population-representative cross-sectional survey with random samples, and was complemented by a questionnaire to reveal sociological as well as behavioural data. Participants: The age cohorts in the present study were 12-year-olds (children), 15-yearolds (adolescents), 35- to 44-year-olds (adults) and 65- to 74-year-olds (senior citizens). Results: All age groups showed considerable improvements in oral health with respect to caries. Of the children, 70.1 % were free of dentine caries and the mean DMFT value was 0.7. In adults and senior citizens both the DMFT value and the number of missing teeth and edentulousness declined. With regard to periodontal conditions, increasing prevalence of moderate and severe findings was recorded in adults and senior citizens, owing probably to the larger number of natural teeth remaining in the oral cavity. Conclusion: The study documents a distinct improvement in oral health in the German population. Interrelated with the higher numbers of remaining natural teeth a higher prevalence of moderate and severe periodontal conditions in German adults and senior citizens was observed. Key words: Adolescent, adult, aged, child, dental caries, epidemiologic study, oral health, periodontitis, prosthodontics.

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health. A Report of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) 2008. 2-3 £10 single article
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Predictive tool for estimating the potential effect of water fluoridation on dental caries 5-11 £10 single article
Dental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore 12-17 £10 single article
Oral health in German children, adolescents, adults and senior citizens in 2005 18-22 £10 single article
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Dental general anaesthesia - will the service disappear? A pilot study 52-57 £10 single article
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Short Communication - Changing dental caries levels in the 1980’s, 1990’s and 2005 among children of a Jerusalem region. 62-64 £10 single article

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