March 2009

Volume 26, Issue 1

Orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality among children

Authors: M. Zhang C. McGrath U. Hägg
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2245Zhang04


Objectives: To determine the association between the impact of oral health on quality of life (OHQoL) among children and their need for orthodontic treatment. Methods: Children (217) were screened for orthodontic treatment need using a number of professionally derived indices: Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) – Aesthetic Component (AC) and Dental Health Component (DHC); Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON) and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). In addition, all children self-completed the 37-item Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ), a measure of OHQoL, to assess Oral Symptoms (OS) experienced, Functional Limitation (FL), Emotional Well Being (EWB) and Social Well Being (SWB). Results: Different prevalence of orthodontic treatment need was observed depending on occlusal indices used (ranged from 31.6% to 85.9%). However, there were significant correlations between the different occlusal indices (p<0.01). Significant differences in overall CPQ scores existed between those with and without an orthodontic treatment need irrespective of occlusal indices used to categorize treatment need (p<0.05); Effect sizes ranged from 0.24 to 0.51. However no single index’s categorization of treatment need could identify variations in all of CPQ domain scores (OS, FL, EWB and SWB). Conclusion: Different occlusal indices (AC, DHC, ICON and DAI) prescribe a different prevalence of orthodontic treatment need. Those categorized as having an orthodontic treatment need by AC, DHC, ICON and DAI criteria had poorer overall OHQoL compared to those ascribed as not having a treatment need. None of the occlusal indices could comprehensively differentiate poorer OHQoL across all its domains. Key words: Malocclusion, occlusal indices, orthodontic treatment need, quality of life


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health. A Report of the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) 2008. 2-3 Download
Thanks to Referees 4-4 Download
Predictive tool for estimating the potential effect of water fluoridation on dental caries 5-11 Download
Dental caries prevalence and distribution among preschoolers in Singapore 12-17 Download
Oral health in German children, adolescents, adults and senior citizens in 2005 18-22 Download
Caries prevalence and fluoride use in low SES children in Clermont-Ferrand (France) 23-28 Download
Previous radiographic experience of children referred for dental extractions under general anaesthesia in the UK. 29-31 Download
The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland). 32-37 Download
Childhood growth and dental caries 38-42 Download
Measurement of attitudes of UK dental practitioners to core job constructs. 43-51 Download
Dental general anaesthesia - will the service disappear? A pilot study 52-57 Download
Orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality among children 58-61 Download
Short Communication - Changing dental caries levels in the 1980’s, 1990’s and 2005 among children of a Jerusalem region. 62-64 Download


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