September 2014

Volume 31, Issue 3

Caries experience and treatment needs among Albanian 12-year-olds

Authors: D. Hysi E. Droboniku C. Toti
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3366Hysi04


Objective: To determine the dental caries experience and treatment needs among 12-year-olds in Albania. Research design: This 2011 cross sectional survey used cluster sampling with DMFT and SiC indexes used to assess dental caries experience; DT/DMFT to assess untreated caries; FT/DMFT the care index and MT/ DMFT as missing index. Participants: 1928 12-year-olds selected from state schools across 16 local districts with a mix of urban and rural areas and contrasting socio-economic groups. Method: WHO protocols were used. Results: The caries prevalence (DMFT>0) was 87% (95%CI 85.6,88.4) and 29.6% were without cavitated carious lesions (DT=0). The mean caries experience (DMFT) was 3.73 (sd 2.71) for boys , 3.71 (sd 2.61, p=0.88) for girls and 3.72 (sd 2.66) overall. The caries treatment needs DT/DMFT was 56% (sd 0.36), the mean FT/DMFT (Care Index) was 31% (sd 0.34) and the mean SiC index was 6.72 (sd 1.92). Conclusions: Dental caries experience and untreated dental caries were high compared with 12-year-olds in most European Union Member States. This suggests an urgent need for a national preventive program and improved access to oral care for this age group. Key words: dental caries, DMF index, caries prevalence, dental treatment needs


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Celebrating 50 years of water fluoridation in Birmingham – a time for decision-makers to tackle high tooth decay rates elsewhere 130-131 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Training dental nurses with additional skills in oral health education and application of fluoride varnish: activity impact and challenges 132-135 Download
Frequency of daily tooth brushing: predictors of change in 9- to 11-year old US children 136-140 Download
Caries experience and treatment needs among Albanian 12-year-olds 141-144 Download
Experience of racism and tooth brushing among pregnant Aboriginal Australians: exploring psychosocial mediators 145-152 Download
Dietary intake of calcium, vitamins A and E and bleeding on probing in Sri Lankan preschoolers 153-157 Download
Type II diabetes and oral health: perceptions among adults with diabetes and oral/health care providers in Ghana 158-162 Download
Dental caries among children in Georgia by age, gender, residence location and ethnic group 163-166 Download
Access, literacy and behavioural correlates of poor self-rated oral health amongst an Indigenous South Australian population 167-171 Download
Effect of second mailing for consent on child dental survey results 172-175 Download
Evaluation of a capacity building clinical educational model for oral health clinicians treating very young children 176-182 Download
The significance of motivation in periodontal treatment: The influence of adult patients’ motivation on the clinical periodontal status 183-187 Download
Evaluation of internet search trends of some common oral problems, 2004 to 2014 188-192 Download


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