September 2014

Volume 31, Issue 3

Frequency of daily tooth brushing: predictors of change in 9- to 11-year old US children

Authors: B.R. Flay A. Koerber S. Levy M. Geng D.E. Polk
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3321Polk05


Objective: To investigate whether an increase in daily tooth brushing frequency in children was predicted by either a) having a strong intention to brush twice a day or b) their parents receiving information about their new caries experience. Basic Research Design: Secondary data analyses were conducted on two waves of data from the Aban Aya Youth Project and the Iowa Fluoride Study. Participants: The Aban Aya study included 576 10- and 11-year olds from Chicago, Illinois. The Iowa Fluoride Study included a convenience sample of 709 babies born in Iowa. The present study includes those children at age 9. Main Outcome Measures: In both studies, reported daily tooth brushing frequency was assessed twice six months apart. Results: In the Aban Aya data, compared with children with a weak intention at wave 1 to brush twice a day, children with a strong intention to brush twice a day were more likely to increase their brushing frequency by wave 2, OR 7.0, 95%CI 1.5,32.9. In the Iowa Fluoride Study, compared with children who did not have new caries at wave 1, children who had new caries experience were less likely to increase their brushing frequency by wave 2, OR 0.4, 95%CI 0.2,0.9. Conclusions: Strengthening intention to brush twice a day might increase children’s brushing frequency. However, simply providing parents with information about new caries probably will not. Future studies should assess tooth brushing frequency, habit strength, intention, and situational cues at closely-spaced waves. Key words: tooth brushing, children, adolescents, intentions, caries, primary prevention, secondary prevention


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Celebrating 50 years of water fluoridation in Birmingham – a time for decision-makers to tackle high tooth decay rates elsewhere 130-131 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action - Training dental nurses with additional skills in oral health education and application of fluoride varnish: activity impact and challenges 132-135 £10 single article
Frequency of daily tooth brushing: predictors of change in 9- to 11-year old US children 136-140 Download
Caries experience and treatment needs among Albanian 12-year-olds 141-144 £10 single article
Experience of racism and tooth brushing among pregnant Aboriginal Australians: exploring psychosocial mediators 145-152 £10 single article
Dietary intake of calcium, vitamins A and E and bleeding on probing in Sri Lankan preschoolers 153-157 £10 single article
Type II diabetes and oral health: perceptions among adults with diabetes and oral/health care providers in Ghana 158-162 £10 single article
Dental caries among children in Georgia by age, gender, residence location and ethnic group 163-166 £10 single article
Access, literacy and behavioural correlates of poor self-rated oral health amongst an Indigenous South Australian population 167-171 £10 single article
Effect of second mailing for consent on child dental survey results 172-175 £10 single article
Evaluation of a capacity building clinical educational model for oral health clinicians treating very young children 176-182 £10 single article
The significance of motivation in periodontal treatment: The influence of adult patients’ motivation on the clinical periodontal status 183-187 £10 single article
Evaluation of internet search trends of some common oral problems, 2004 to 2014 188-192 £10 single article


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