September 2014

Volume 31, Issue 3

Dietary intake of calcium, vitamins A and E and bleeding on probing in Sri Lankan preschoolers

Authors: V. Nanayakkara L. Ekanayake R. Silva
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3337Ekanayake05


Objective: To determine the prevalence of gingival bleeding on probing and the associations between dietary intake of calcium, vitamins A and E and gingival bleeding on probing in Sri Lankan preschool children. Basic Research Design: A cross-sectional study. Participants: 784 children aged 48-72 months attending preschools in the Kegalle district and their mothers/carers. Results: The prevalence of gingival bleeding on probing was 52.9%. A Poisson logistic regression model revealed that children with a high daily dietary intake of calcium were less likely to have gingival bleeding on probing than those with low intake (PR=0.80; 95%CI 0.64,0.98). Also prevalence of gingival bleeding was higher in children: with plaque on their teeth; whose mothers were not employed; or, were from families with three or more children. Conclusions: The prevalence of gingivitis was high in the children and the findings suggest that high levels of dietary calcium intake are associated with reduced gingival bleeding in preschool children. Key words: calcium, vitamin A, vitamin E, gingivitis, Sri Lanka, dietary intake


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Caries experience and treatment needs among Albanian 12-year-olds 141-144 Download
Experience of racism and tooth brushing among pregnant Aboriginal Australians: exploring psychosocial mediators 145-152 Download
Dietary intake of calcium, vitamins A and E and bleeding on probing in Sri Lankan preschoolers 153-157 Download
Type II diabetes and oral health: perceptions among adults with diabetes and oral/health care providers in Ghana 158-162 Download
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The significance of motivation in periodontal treatment: The influence of adult patients’ motivation on the clinical periodontal status 183-187 Download
Evaluation of internet search trends of some common oral problems, 2004 to 2014 188-192 Download


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