September 2021

Volume 38, Issue 3

Is Malocclusion Associated with Dental Caries among Children and Adolescents in the Permanent dentition? A Systematic Review

Authors: Abhinav Singh Bharathi Purohit
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00340Singh06


Objective: To determine the association between malocclusion and the severity of dental caries among children and adolescents in the permanent dentition. Method: A search was conducted in Medline, Cochrane databases, Google scholar, Scopus and Web of Science through October 2020 for studies of malocclusion and dental caries among children and adolescents using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and the Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index. Quality was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa tool for cross-sectional studies. Data were extracted using the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines. Meta-analysis used the Cochrane Program Review Manager Version 5. A random effects model was used to assess the association among different categories of malocclusion with dental caries. GRADE analysis assessed the certainty of evidence. Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria. Handicapping malocclusion was significantly associated with higher mean DMFT scores (Mean difference: 1.03, 95% CI, 0.61, 1.44). Participants with severe malocclusion had higher mean DMFT when compared to subjects with normal occlusion (0.32, 95% CI, 0.13, 0.51). Definite malocclusion was also associated with higher mean DMFT scores (Mean difference: 0.19, 95% CI, 0.03, -0.35). Conclusion: Malocclusion is associated with dental caries in the permanent dentition. DMFT scores and the strength of the association increased with severity of malocclusion. Low to moderate certainty of evidence was observed for association between handicapping, severe, and definite malocclusion with dental caries. Keywords: children, dental caries, meta-analysis, malocclusion

£10 single article

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EADPH Congress 2021 Abstract Presentations 0-0 Download
Editorial: Community Water fluoridation 158-160 Download
Dental Public Health in Action: Utilising a telephone triage system to run an Urgent Dental Care Hub during the COVID-19 pandemic 161-164 Download
Older Patients’ Views of Oral Health Care and Factors which Facilitate or Obstruct Regular Access to Dental Care-Services: A Qualitative Systematic Review 165-171 £10 single article
Is Malocclusion Associated with Dental Caries among Children and Adolescents in the Permanent dentition? A Systematic Review 172-177 £10 single article
Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil 178-181 £10 single article
Professional dental care provision systems for persons with disabilities by prefecture in Japan 182-186 £10 single article
Street-level implementers of population-based oral health policies: the case of water fluoridation supply in Brazil’s small towns 187-191 £10 single article
Socioeconomic inequalities and temporomandibular joint disorders in adolescents: contributions from a Maranhão cohort 192-197 £10 single article
A scoping review of the roles, training, and impact of community health workers in oral health 198-208 Download
Impact of cancelled General Anaesthetic dental extraction appointments on children due to the COVID-19 pandemic 209-214 £10 single article
School Teachers’ Knowledge and Attitudes about the Emergency Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries in Turkey 215-219 £10 single article
Letter to the Editor 220-220 £10 single article


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