September 2021

Volume 38, Issue 3

Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil

Authors: Caio L. B. Reis Mariane C. F. Barbosa Daniela C. de Lima João A. Brancher Célia M. C. F. Lopes Flares Baratto-Filho Erika C. Küchler Daniela S. B. de Oliveira
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00242Reis04


Introduction: Developmental Defects of Enamel (DDEs) comprise qualitative and/or quantitative changes to the enamel during amelogenesis. The aetiology of DDE remains inconclusive. Aim: To determine the association of pre, peri, and postnatal factors with the presence of DDE. Design: Cross-sectional study with 353 children (8 to 11 years-old) in a Brazilian town. Methods: One calibrated dentist assessed DDE using the Developmental Defects of Enamel Index and a questionnaire collected medical and sociodemographic data. Main outcomes: Children with at least one type of DDE were categorized into the DDE group. Subtypes of DDE were also recorded. Results: 63.1% of children had at least one type of DDE. Diffuse opacity was present in 36.7%, demarcated opacity in 14.8%, and hypoplasia in 5.83% of the children. In multivariate analysis, demarcated opacities and hypoplasia were associated with birth weight < 2500g (OR = 4.82; 95% CI 1.23-1.95). Conclusion: Low birth weight predicted DDE. Keywords: Growth and Development, Dental Enamel Hypoplasia, teeth abnormalities, Tooth Hypomineralization, Odontogenesis Prenatal Injuries, Neonatal Diseases

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EADPH Congress 2021 Abstract Presentations 0-0 Download
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Older Patients’ Views of Oral Health Care and Factors which Facilitate or Obstruct Regular Access to Dental Care-Services: A Qualitative Systematic Review 165-171 £10 single article
Is Malocclusion Associated with Dental Caries among Children and Adolescents in the Permanent dentition? A Systematic Review 172-177 £10 single article
Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil 178-181 £10 single article
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Street-level implementers of population-based oral health policies: the case of water fluoridation supply in Brazil’s small towns 187-191 £10 single article
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A scoping review of the roles, training, and impact of community health workers in oral health 198-208 Download
Impact of cancelled General Anaesthetic dental extraction appointments on children due to the COVID-19 pandemic 209-214 £10 single article
School Teachers’ Knowledge and Attitudes about the Emergency Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries in Turkey 215-219 £10 single article
Letter to the Editor 220-220 £10 single article


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