September 2021

Volume 38, Issue 3

Street-level implementers of population-based oral health policies: the case of water fluoridation supply in Brazil’s small towns

Authors: Anderson G. Mota Paulo Frazão
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00332Mota05


Background: Knowledge of conditions influencing the performance of street-level operators when implementing population-based policies could increase the understanding of local implementation dynamics. Objective: We analyzed how street-level operators claim to act to implement fluoridation policy in the water treatment units of small Brazilian municipalities and identified conditions shaping behavior against adherence to policy. Methods: A case study using narratives obtained through in-depth interviews with key informants in two pairs of municipalities with contrasting levels of implementation. Analysis identified themes in the data and in the street-level bureaucracy literature. Results: Institutional characteristics such as administrative fragility of local entities, low priority given locally to policy, poor physical structure of the water treatment plants, isolated working relations, low effectiveness of monitoring devices, and local actors’ uncertainties about the policy favored the expansion of the discretionary power of street-level operators configuring important barriers for water fluoridation. Conclusion: These data highlight the complexity of policy implementation and inform policymakers about the importance of inter-federal and inter-sectoral coordination when implementing population-based health policies in small towns. Keywords: Street-level agents, Public Policy, Water Fluoridation

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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EADPH Congress 2021 Abstract Presentations 0-0 Download
Editorial: Community Water fluoridation 158-160 Download
Dental Public Health in Action: Utilising a telephone triage system to run an Urgent Dental Care Hub during the COVID-19 pandemic 161-164 Download
Older Patients’ Views of Oral Health Care and Factors which Facilitate or Obstruct Regular Access to Dental Care-Services: A Qualitative Systematic Review 165-171 £10 single article
Is Malocclusion Associated with Dental Caries among Children and Adolescents in the Permanent dentition? A Systematic Review 172-177 £10 single article
Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil 178-181 £10 single article
Professional dental care provision systems for persons with disabilities by prefecture in Japan 182-186 £10 single article
Street-level implementers of population-based oral health policies: the case of water fluoridation supply in Brazil’s small towns 187-191 £10 single article
Socioeconomic inequalities and temporomandibular joint disorders in adolescents: contributions from a Maranhão cohort 192-197 £10 single article
A scoping review of the roles, training, and impact of community health workers in oral health 198-208 Download
Impact of cancelled General Anaesthetic dental extraction appointments on children due to the COVID-19 pandemic 209-214 £10 single article
School Teachers’ Knowledge and Attitudes about the Emergency Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries in Turkey 215-219 £10 single article
Letter to the Editor 220-220 £10 single article


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