September 2010

Volume 27, Issue 3

Social determinants of dental health services utilisation of Greek adults

Authors: E. Pavi E. Karampli D. Zavras T. Dardavesis J. Kyriopoulos
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2431Pavi06

Abstract

Objectives: To identify the determinants of dental care utilisation among Greek adults, with a particular emphasis on socio-economic determinants. Methods: Data were collected through a national survey on health and health care services utilisation of a sample of 4,003 Greek adults stratified by geographic region, age and gender. A purpose made questionnaire was used during face-to-face interviews. A 2-stage model was developed to assess the impact of independent variables on dental utilisation likelihood and frequency. Results: 39.6% (1,562) of Greek adults reported having visited a dentist within the last year. Among dental attenders, 32.6% reported prevention as the reason for visit. Statistically significant differences in dental care utilisation were observed in relation to demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, income, education, place of residence, private insurance coverage and self-rated oral health are important determinants of dental services utilisation. Mean number of dental visits within previous year was 1.6. Results from Poisson regression analysis indicated that lower income level correlates to lower number of dental visits, while having visited for treatment (rather than for prevention) correlated to higher number of dental visits. Conclusions: Greek adults do not exhibit satisfactory dental visiting behaviour. Extent of care sought is associated with need for treatment rather than preventive reasons. The findings confirm the existence of socioeconomic inequalities in dental services utilisation among Greek adults. Key words: Dental services utilisation, inequalities in dental care utilisation, social determinants

£10 single article

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