September 2010

Volume 27, Issue 3

Barriers to oral health care amongst different social classes in India.

Authors: V. Garcha S.H. Shetiya P. Kakodkar
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2426Garcha05


Objective - To investigate and compare the influence of social and cultural factors as access barriers to oral health care amongst people from various social classes. Basic research design and participants - A cross sectional survey in Pimpri, was conducted using a pilot tested 15 item- structured, close-ended and self-administered questionnaire. Two hundred and fifty people aged 35-45 years (50 participants each in five social classes as per British Registrar’s General classification of occupation) were selected. The chi-square test was applied to check statistical differences between social classes at 5% level of significance. Results Overall, it was observed that irrespective of the social class difference 88% participants wished to seek only expert/professional advice for the dental treatment. Unavailability of services on Sunday (63%), going to dentist only when in pain (57%), trying self care or home remedy (54%), inadequate government policies (50%), budgetary constraints (40%) were among the major access barriers. Statistically significant difference in the access barriers among the social classes were found related to: Inadequate government policies, budgetary constraints, appointment schedules, far-off located clinics, myths and fear about dental treatment. Conclusion – Social and cultural factors act as access barriers to oral health care and social class differences have a significant influence on the access barriers. Key words: Access barriers, India, oral health care, social and cultural factors, social class.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - The challenges of designing and evaluating complex interventions 130-132 Download
Plaque, caries level and oral hygiene habits in young patients receiving orthodontic treatment 133-138 Download
The voice of the elderly in accepting alternative perspectives on oral health 139-144 Download
Social determinants of dental health services utilisation of Greek adults 145-150 Download
Oral health and treatment needs of institutionalized chronic psychiatric patients in Istanbul, Turkey. 151-157 Download
Barriers to oral health care amongst different social classes in India. 158-162 Download
Social differences in tooth decay occurrence in a sample of children aged 3 to 5 in North-East Italy 163-166 Download
Child oral health concerns amongst parents and primary care givers in a Sure Start Local Programme 167-171 Download
A 6-year longitudinal study of caries in teenagers and the effect of “dropouts” on the findings 172-177 Download
The dentist workforce in Kuwait to the year 2020. 178-183 Download
The distribution of individual tooth impaction in general dental patients of Northern India 184-186 Download
Short Communication - Wheelchair-accessible dental offices in Nagasaki, Japan 187-190 Download


Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.