September 2010

Volume 27, Issue 3

Barriers to oral health care amongst different social classes in India.

Authors: V. Garcha S.H. Shetiya P. Kakodkar
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2426Garcha05

Abstract

Objective - To investigate and compare the influence of social and cultural factors as access barriers to oral health care amongst people from various social classes. Basic research design and participants - A cross sectional survey in Pimpri, was conducted using a pilot tested 15 item- structured, close-ended and self-administered questionnaire. Two hundred and fifty people aged 35-45 years (50 participants each in five social classes as per British Registrar’s General classification of occupation) were selected. The chi-square test was applied to check statistical differences between social classes at 5% level of significance. Results Overall, it was observed that irrespective of the social class difference 88% participants wished to seek only expert/professional advice for the dental treatment. Unavailability of services on Sunday (63%), going to dentist only when in pain (57%), trying self care or home remedy (54%), inadequate government policies (50%), budgetary constraints (40%) were among the major access barriers. Statistically significant difference in the access barriers among the social classes were found related to: Inadequate government policies, budgetary constraints, appointment schedules, far-off located clinics, myths and fear about dental treatment. Conclusion – Social and cultural factors act as access barriers to oral health care and social class differences have a significant influence on the access barriers. Key words: Access barriers, India, oral health care, social and cultural factors, social class.

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - The challenges of designing and evaluating complex interventions 130-132 £10 single article
Plaque, caries level and oral hygiene habits in young patients receiving orthodontic treatment 133-138 £10 single article
The voice of the elderly in accepting alternative perspectives on oral health 139-144 £10 single article
Social determinants of dental health services utilisation of Greek adults 145-150 £10 single article
Oral health and treatment needs of institutionalized chronic psychiatric patients in Istanbul, Turkey. 151-157 £10 single article
Barriers to oral health care amongst different social classes in India. 158-162 £10 single article
Social differences in tooth decay occurrence in a sample of children aged 3 to 5 in North-East Italy 163-166 £10 single article
Child oral health concerns amongst parents and primary care givers in a Sure Start Local Programme 167-171 £10 single article
A 6-year longitudinal study of caries in teenagers and the effect of “dropouts” on the findings 172-177 £10 single article
The dentist workforce in Kuwait to the year 2020. 178-183 £10 single article
The distribution of individual tooth impaction in general dental patients of Northern India 184-186 £10 single article
Short Communication - Wheelchair-accessible dental offices in Nagasaki, Japan 187-190 £10 single article

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