September 2022

Volume 39, Issue 3

Impact of socioeconomic inequalities on dental caries in deprived children: a multilevel analysis

Authors: Yanela Aravena-Rivas María José Monsalves Gerardo Espinoza-Espinoza Andrea Weitz Bárbara Hernández José Castillo Carlos Zaror
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00020Aravena-Rivas06

Abstract

Objectives: Inequalities have been reported between high, middle and low socioeconomic position (SEP) children. However, the effect of contextual and individual SEP on existing inequalities among socioeconomically deprived children varies between local contexts. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of contextual and individual SEP on individual caries experience among socioeconomically deprived children in Chile. Methods: Cross-sectional multilevel analysis of data from the 2015 electronic register of the National Board of School Aid and Scholarships (JUNAEB) of Chile. The contextual variables were the municipality Human Development Index (HDI) and rurality index. Individual variables included gender, living in extreme poverty and school grade. Multilevel negative binomial models assessed their impact on DMFT/dmft. Results: 112,429 children in 255 municipalities were included. Overall, contextual SEP (HDI) was not associated with caries experience in the primary or permanent dentition. Individual SEP (living in extreme poverty) was associated with caries experience in both dentitions. The proportion of children living in extreme poverty with caries experience in the primary teeth was 17% higher than children not living in extreme poverty (PR 1.17; 95% CI 1.15-1.19), while for children with permanent teeth it was 9% higher (PR 1.09; 95% CI 1.08-1.11). Conclusion: These findings could support the development of health strategies focused on individual SEP to efficiently reduce oral health inequalities among socioeconomically deprived children. Keywords: Socioeconomic factors, child, poverty, caries

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
CDH Board 2022 153-153 Download
Editorial: Management of the oral health of care home residents in general and those with dementia 154-155 Download
Editorial: Oral health inequalities and the COVID-19 pandemic: time for action 156-157 Download
The Role of Area Deprivation in Explaining Ethnic Inequalities in Adult Oral Health in England 158-164 £10 single article
Self-reported satisfaction with teeth and associated factors in 12-year-olds 165-168 £10 single article
Oral health status and absence from school among 12 year olds 169-174 £10 single article
Anticipatory guidance and children’s oral health: A scoping review 175-180 £10 single article
Impact of the Covid pandemic on health care equity in NHS General Dental Practice. 181-186 £10 single article
Dental Anxiety as a Risk Factor for Facebook Intrusion 187-190 £10 single article
Impact of socioeconomic inequalities on dental caries in deprived children: a multilevel analysis 191-196 £10 single article
An update on oral cavity cancer: epidemiological trends, prevention strategies and novel approaches in diagnosis and prognosis 197-205 Download
The role of the mothers’ sense of coherence in predicting dental caries risk in children 206-210 £10 single article
Psychosocial impact of malocclusion in the school performance. A Hierarchical Analysis. 211-216 £10 single article

Subscribe

Online (Single user only)
£130
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.