September 2022

Volume 39, Issue 3

Psychosocial impact of malocclusion in the school performance. A Hierarchical Analysis.

Authors: Tafnes Pereira D. Silva Yrio R. Lemos Mário Vedovello Filho Diego P. Alves Carneiro Silvia A. S. Vedovello
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00061Silva006

Abstract

Objective: To identify any association between the psychosocial impact of malocclusion and academic performance in adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study in a sample of 297 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years old enrolled in public schools. A self-complete questionnaire enquiring about socioeconomic, demographic, and psychological characteristics and the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) was administered in classrooms. The school provided documents related to School Performance (average grade in the Portuguese subject and absences). A conceptual structure was built, and independent variables were inserted hierarchically into logistic models for school performance (outcome). Independent variables were: Gender, age, caries status (DMFT), orthodontic treatment need (IOTN-DHC), psychological impact (PIDAQ) and school commitment (class absences and missed classes). Results: Boys (OR = 3.56; 95% CI: 1.54-8.21) with caries experience (OR = 2.77; 95% CI: 1.23-6.23), need for orthodontic treatment (OR = 0.40; 95% CI; 0.18-0.91) and adolescents who reported a psychological impact (OR = 2.70; 95% CI: 1.16-6.30) had worse school performance. Conclusion: Boys with caries and malocclusion experience who reported the psychological impact of the need for orthodontic treatment are more likely to have worse school performance. Keywords: Malocclusion, Psychosocial impact, Academic performance

£10 single article

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CDH Board 2022 153-153 Download
Editorial: Management of the oral health of care home residents in general and those with dementia 154-155 Download
Editorial: Oral health inequalities and the COVID-19 pandemic: time for action 156-157 Download
The Role of Area Deprivation in Explaining Ethnic Inequalities in Adult Oral Health in England 158-164 £10 single article
Self-reported satisfaction with teeth and associated factors in 12-year-olds 165-168 £10 single article
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Impact of the Covid pandemic on health care equity in NHS General Dental Practice. 181-186 £10 single article
Dental Anxiety as a Risk Factor for Facebook Intrusion 187-190 £10 single article
Impact of socioeconomic inequalities on dental caries in deprived children: a multilevel analysis 191-196 £10 single article
An update on oral cavity cancer: epidemiological trends, prevention strategies and novel approaches in diagnosis and prognosis 197-205 Download
The role of the mothers’ sense of coherence in predicting dental caries risk in children 206-210 £10 single article
Psychosocial impact of malocclusion in the school performance. A Hierarchical Analysis. 211-216 £10 single article

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