September 2022

Volume 39, Issue 3

Oral health status and absence from school among 12 year olds

Authors: Abhinav Singh Bharathi M. Purohit Abhishek Purohit Saumya Taneja Nilima
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00280Singh06


Objective: To assess dental caries, periodontal status, malocclusion and absenteeism from school among 12-year-olds in Bhopal district, Central India. Materials and Methods: Two-stage random sample of 1238 school children. Decayed missing filled teeth (DMFT), Significant caries index (SiC), community periodontal index (CPI) and dental aesthetic index (DAI) were used to record dental caries, periodontal status and malocclusion. Information on absence from school in the previous year due to pain/discomfort in the teeth or mouth was collected via interviews. Generalized structural equation modelling (GSEM) examined the direct and indirect predictors of absence from school. Results: A total of 39.1%, 17.3% and 23.9% of children had dental caries, calculus and gingival bleeding respectively. Mean DMFT and SiC scores were 1.82 ± 1.36 and 3.15 ± 1.47. 5,127 school hours were missed due to oral health problems per 1,000 children. None of the studied variables predicted absence from school. Utilization of dental care was associated directly with gender and malocclusion (p< 0.001). Periodontal status was associated with male gender, nuclear families, tobacco consumption, and malocclusion (p< 0.001). Higher DMFT was associated with male gender, malocclusion and experience of pain/discomfort (p< 0.001). Conclusions: Poor oral health and a high prevalence of untreated dental caries were noted. Despite a considerable number of missed school hours reported due to dental conditions, none of the studied variables predicted absence from school. Keywords: health promotion, oral health, school health, school absence, access to health care

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Abstract Presentations on Friday, 9 September 2022 at European Association of Dental Public Heath 0-0 Download
CDH Board 2022 153-153 Download
Editorial: Management of the oral health of care home residents in general and those with dementia 154-155 Download
Editorial: Oral health inequalities and the COVID-19 pandemic: time for action 156-157 Download
The Role of Area Deprivation in Explaining Ethnic Inequalities in Adult Oral Health in England 158-164 £10 single article
Self-reported satisfaction with teeth and associated factors in 12-year-olds 165-168 £10 single article
Oral health status and absence from school among 12 year olds 169-174 £10 single article
Anticipatory guidance and children’s oral health: A scoping review 175-180 £10 single article
Impact of the Covid pandemic on health care equity in NHS General Dental Practice. 181-186 £10 single article
Dental Anxiety as a Risk Factor for Facebook Intrusion 187-190 £10 single article
Impact of socioeconomic inequalities on dental caries in deprived children: a multilevel analysis 191-196 £10 single article
An update on oral cavity cancer: epidemiological trends, prevention strategies and novel approaches in diagnosis and prognosis 197-205 Download
The role of the mothers’ sense of coherence in predicting dental caries risk in children 206-210 £10 single article
Psychosocial impact of malocclusion in the school performance. A Hierarchical Analysis. 211-216 £10 single article


Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.